Vol. 31 Núm. 2 (2015)
Artículos originales

Preferencias entre cinco carbohidratos en Pheidole bilimeki (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Madai Rosas-Mejía
Instituto de Ecología Aplicada, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas
Alfonso Correa-Sandoval
Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Victoria
Crystian Sadiel Venegas-Barrera
Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Victoria
Jorge Víctor Horta-Vega
Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Victoria

Publicado 16-08-2015

Palabras clave

  • hormigas,
  • trehalosa,
  • feromona reclutadora,
  • melezitosa

Cómo citar

Rosas-Mejía, M., Correa-Sandoval, A., Venegas-Barrera, C. S., & Horta-Vega, J. V. (2015). Preferencias entre cinco carbohidratos en Pheidole bilimeki (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 31(2), 291–297. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2015.312985


Los carbohidratos comunes en fuentes naturales de energía para las hormigas son: sacarosa, fructosa, glucosa, trehalosa y melezitosa. En este estudio se establecieron preferencias entre estos cinco carbohidratos en Pheidole bilimeki Mayr a través de la conducta de reclutamiento. El orden de efectividad reclutadora de los cinco químicos fue: sacarosa > melezitosa = trehalosa > fructosa > glucosa. En todos los azúcares la respuesta fue dependiente de la concentración entre 0.1 M y 1 M. Los tiempos bebiendo fueron los mismos en todos los carbohidratos, por lo cual se descarta que distintos volúmenes de solución ingerida determinen diferentes cantidades de feromona reclutadora secretada. Se propone que diferentes niveles de interacción de los azúcares con los receptores gustativos determina la intensidad del reflejo liberador de la feromona.


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