Vol. 40 (2024)
Artículos originales

Land-cover changes affect the diversity of amphibians and reptiles in a rural landscape of the Colombian Caribbean region

Cristian Jose Castillo Peñarredonda
Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Sul
Jose Miguel Tovar Marquez
Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Sul
Jorge Arnaldo Diaz Perez
Universidade Estadual Paulista

Publicado 08-02-2024

Palabras clave

  • Agroecosistemas,
  • Disturbio antropico,
  • Anura,
  • Estanques,
  • Bosque Seco Tropical

Cómo citar

Castillo Peñarredonda, C. J., Tovar Marquez , J. M., & Diaz Perez , J. A. (2024). Land-cover changes affect the diversity of amphibians and reptiles in a rural landscape of the Colombian Caribbean region. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 40(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2024.4012611

Resumen

Land cover changes resulting from agricultural expansion and cattle ranching are the primary factors influencing the diversity of amphibian and reptile communities. In this study, we assessed the variation in the diversity of amphibians and reptiles across four land-cover types (ponds, grasslands, temporary crops, and secondary vegetation) in a rural landscape in the Colombian Caribbean region. Amphibians and reptiles were sampled through visual encounter surveys between April and August 2018. A total of 19 species of amphibians (frogs and toads) and 23 species of reptiles (14 lizards, 7 snakes, 1 turtle, and 1 alligator) were recorded. Species diversity differed among land covers, for both amphibians and reptiles. Amphibian diversity was higher in ponds and lower in grasslands, whereas reptile diversity was higher in secondary vegetation and lower in temporary crops. Our results suggest that the maintenance of ponds and secondary vegetation could be important for the conservation of herpetofauna in rural landscapes where anthropogenic activities such as agriculture and cattle ranching predominate.

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