Vol. 29 Núm. 2 (2013)
Artículos

New records of Peters squirrel Sciurus oculatus (Peters 1863) for Michoacán and first molecular genotyping of the species

Tiberio C. Monterrubio-Rico
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Daniel Guido Lemus
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Juan Felipe Charre-Medellín
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
María Guadalupe Zavala-Paramo
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Gabriela Padilla-Jacobo
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Horacio Cano-Camacho
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Livia Leon-Paniagua
UNAM

Publicado 2013-08-31

Palabras clave

  • Sciuridae,
  • distribución,
  • endémica Mexicana,
  • citocromo b. Sciuridae,
  • distribution,
  • Mexican endemic,
  • cytochrome b.
  • ...Más
    Menos

Cómo citar

Monterrubio-Rico, T. C., Guido Lemus, D., Charre-Medellín, J. F., Zavala-Paramo, M. G., Padilla-Jacobo, G., Cano-Camacho, H., & Leon-Paniagua, L. (2013). New records of Peters squirrel Sciurus oculatus (Peters 1863) for Michoacán and first molecular genotyping of the species. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 29(2). https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2013.2921108

Resumen

We captured three individuals of Peter’s squirrel (Sciurus oculatus), species listed under special protection and endemic for central Mexico. The captures occurred on oak forest fragments from Huandacareo municipality, Michoacán. With the record of this population, we confirm the species actual presence for the state, because the last record corresponded to a specimen collected in Contepec in 1986. This locality extends the species known distribution to the west approximately in 48 km from its last known record. When we reviewed the species historical records for the state, we notice that the western-most record of the species, a record from Ziracuaretiro (near to Uruapan), was not included to outline the species global distribution, therefore we consider that the present distributional map should be updated including all the localities, which will modify its distribution considerably. After surveying the GeneBank international database, we noticed that mitocondrial DNA sequences from S. oculatus were inexistent. In this work we presented the first two cytochrome b gene (cytb) sequences from two S. oculatus individuals. The sequences were compared with eight species of the Sciurus genus available in GeneBank. In the sequences analysis and UPGMA tree, which included Sciurus species from North
America and South America, S. oculatus was clustered with S. aestuans and S. stramineus from South America, resulting S. oculatus the basal species. From the conservation perspective, the species actual presencein the historical localities should be verified. No protected areas in the country are known to
include Sciurus oculatus populations, and the Huandacareo recorded population seems to be relatively isolated, and its habitat surrounded by agriculture.

Citas

  1. Álvarez S. T. & Vidal, J. C. L. 1998. Biodiversidad de los mamíferos en el Estado de Michoacán. Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas. Base de datos SNIB2010-CONABIO proyecto No. P020.
  2. Best, T. L. 1985.Sciurus oculatus. Mammalian species, 498:1-3.
  3. Carleton, M. D. & Musser, G. G. 2005. Order Rodentia, pp. 745-752. In: Wilson, D. E. & Reder, D.M. (Eds). Mammal species of the world.3a. Ed. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  4. Ceballos-Gonzales, G. & Galindo- Leal, C. 1984. Mamíferos Silvestres de la Cuenca de México. Instituto de Ecología y Museo de Historia Natural de la Ciudad de México. Editorial Limusa.México, D.F. 299 pp.
  5. Dutton, P. H. 1996. Methods for collection and preservation of simples for sea turtle genetic studies. In: Bowen, B. W. &Witzel, W. N. (Eds.). Proceedings of International Symposium on Sea Turtle Conservation Genetics. NOOA Technical Memorandum, NMFS-SETSC-396 pp.17-24.
  6. FitzSimmons, N. 1997. Male marine turtles: gene flow, philopatry and matting systems of green turtles Cheloniamydas. Thesis, University of Queensland. Australia. 2241 pp.
  7. Hall, T.A. 1999. BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucl. Acids.Symp. Ser. 41:95-98.
  8. Hall, E. R. 1981. The mammals of North America. John Wiley and sons, New York.1181 pp.
  9. Irwin, D. M., Kocher,T. D. & Wilson, A. C. 1991. Evolution of the cytochrome b gene of mammals. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 32:128-144.
  10. Leopold, A. S. 1959. Fauna Silvestre de México. Instituto Mexicano de Recursos Naturales Renovables. México, D.F. 600 pp.
  11. López-Wilchis, R. 2003. Base de datos de los mamíferos de México depositados en colecciones de Estados Unidos y Canadá. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. http://investigacion.izt.uam.mx/mamiferos/
  12. Martínez, C. L. 2007. Ecología molecular. Compiladores L. E. Eguiarte, V. Souza & X. Aguirre. INE, Semarnat, UNAM. México, pp. 88-160.
  13. Mas-Caussel, J. F., Velásquez-Montes,A. & Fernández-Vargas, T. 2005. Monitoreo de los cambios de cobertura del suelo en Michoacán. pp. 204-206. In: Villaseñor-Gómez,L. E. & Leal-Nares,O. A.(Eds.). La Biodiversidad en Michoacán. Estudio de estado. Comisión Nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la Biodiversidad, Gobierno del estado de Michoacán, Secretaría de Urbanismo y Medio Ambiente and Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Michoacán, México.
  14. Mercer, J. M. & Roth, V. L. 2003.The Effects of Cenozoic Global Change on Squirrel Phylogeny. Science, 299:1568-1572.
  15. Oshida, T., Arslan,A. &Noda, M. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships among the Old World Sciurus squirrels. Folia Zoologica, 58:14-25.
  16. Patterson, B. D., Ceballos, G., Sechrest, W., Tognelli, M. F., Brooks, T., Luna, L., Ortega, P.,Salazar,I. & Young, B. E. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA
  17. Posada, D. & Crandall, K. A. 1998. Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics, 14:817-818.
  18. Sanger, F., Nicklen,S. & Coulson, A. R. 1977. DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,74:5463-5467.
  19. Secretaría de Educacióndel Estado de Michoacán. 2003. Atlas Geográfico del Estado de Michoacán. Editora y distribuidora EDISSA, S. A de C. V. Michoacán, México
  20. Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales(SEMARNAT). 2010. Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOMECOL–
  21. –2010). Protección ambiental-Especies nativas de México de flora y fauna silvestres-Categorías de riesgo y especificaciones para su inclusión, exclusión o cambio-Lista de especies en riesgo. Diario Oficial de la Federación (30 de diciembre de 2010), México, D.F.
  22. Swofford, D. L. 2002. PAUP*: Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and related methods), versión 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  23. Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N.,Stecher, G.,Nei, M.,&Kumar, S. 2011. MEGA5: Molecular evolutionary genetic analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28: 2731-2739.
  24. Valdez-Alarcón, M.& Téllez-Girón G. 2005. Sciurus oculatus. pp. 556-557. In:Ceballos, G. & Oliva,G.
  25. (Eds.). Los Mamíferos Silvestres de México. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad. Fondo de Cultura Económica. México, D. F.