Vol. 32 Núm. 1 (2016)
Artículos

Phoretic relationship between Lustrochernes grossus (Pseudoscorpionida: Chernetidae) and Odontotaenius striatopunctatus (Coleoptera: Passalidae)

Maria Luisa Castillo
Instituto de Ecología, A. C.
Gabriel A. Villegas-Guzmán
Instituto Politécnico Nacional
AZM 32(1) Coendou mexicanus

Publicado 2016-04-10

Palabras clave

  • passive phoresy
  • phoretic-phagophilic relationship
  • subsocial

Cómo citar

Castillo, M. L., & Villegas-Guzmán, G. A. (2016). Phoretic relationship between Lustrochernes grossus (Pseudoscorpionida: Chernetidae) and Odontotaenius striatopunctatus (Coleoptera: Passalidae). ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 32(1). https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2016.3201929

Resumen

Phoresy is considered a non-parasitic partnership between a small animal (phoront) and a large one (host) that result in phoront transportation by the host. Throughout two years of observation and nursing of 16 family groups of the passalid Odontotaenius striatopunctatus, we noticed the presence of the pseudoscorpion Lustrochernes grossus within 11 of their 16 nests, which consisted of rottenwood logs (30 cm long × 15-20 cm in diameter) cut into 2 cm segments and secured with rubber bands to facilitate observation. The presence of pseudoscorpions became evident from the moment the passalids started building their nests creating space and food for their young. Evidence was found that pseudoscorpions can go under the elytra of passalids. Their presence did not prevent the reproduction of the beetles, performed in 13 of the 16 set nests (Fischer’s exact test: P =0.71, N = 16): neither was the number of passalids offspring modified (Mann Whitney U = 11.50, P = 0.2553). On three occasions during spring, L. grossus females carrying brood sac was documented. In this facultative relationship, phoresy and phagophilia could be involved; some hypotheses on the factors that may interfere with it are posed.

Citas

  1. Aguiar, N. O. & Bührnheim, P. F. 1992. Pseudoscorpiones (Arachnida) em associação forética com Passalidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) no Amazonas, Brasil. Amazonia, 12: 187-205.
  2. Aguiar, N. O. & Bührnheim P. F. 1998. Phoretic pseudoscorpions associated with flying insects in Brazilian Amazonia. Journal of Arachnology, 26: 452-459.
  3. Aguiar, N. O. & Bührnheim. P. F. 2011. Pseudoscorpionida (Arachnida) em galerias de colônias de Passalidae (Coleoptera, Insecta) em troncos caídos em floresta de terra firme da Amazônia, Brasil. Acta Amazonica, 41: 205-212.
  4. Athias-Binche, F. 1994. La phorésie chez les acariens. Aspects adaptatifs et Evolutifs. Castillet, Perpignan, Paris. 178 pp.
  5. Beier, M. 1948. Phoresie und Phagophilie bei Pseudoscorpionen. Österreichische Zoologische Zeitschrift, 1: 441-497.
  6. Castillo, M. L. & Reyes-Castillo, P. 2003. Los Passalidae: coleópteros tropicales degradadores de troncos de árboles muertos, Pp. 237-262. In: J. Álvarez-Sánchez & E. Naranjo García (Eds.). Ecología del Suelo en la Selva Tropical Húmeda de México. Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Instituto de Biología y Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM. Xalapa, México.
  7. Eickwort, G. C. 1990. Associations of mites with social insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 35: 469-488.
  8. Francke, O. F. & Villegas-Guzmán, G. A. 2007. Symbiotic relationships between pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) and packrats (Rodentia). Journal of Arachnology, 34: 289-298.
  9. Hernández-Martínez, G. & Castillo, M. L. 2003. Modified logs as a means for rearing and observing sapwood/heartwood dwelling passalids (Coleoptera: Passalidae) in the laboratory. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 57: 243-244.
  10. Hoff, C. C. 1947. Two new pseudoscorpions of the subfamily Lamprochernetinae from Venezuela. Zoologica, 32: 61-64
  11. Hoff, C. C. 1949. The pseudoscorpions of Illinois. IIlinois Natural History Survey Buletin, 24: 409-498.
  12. Hoff, C. C. & Jennings, D. T. 1974. Pseudoescorpions on a spider. Entomological News, 85: 21-22.
  13. Hunter, P. E. 1993. Mites associated with New World passalid beetles (Coleoptera: Passalidae). Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.), 58: 1-37.
  14. Mahnert, V. & Adis, J. 1985. On the occurrence and habitat of Pseudoscorpiones (Arachnida) from Amazonian forest of Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 20: 211-215.
  15. Martin, P. & Bateson, P. 1986. Measuring Behaviour. Cambridge University Press. 186 pp.
  16. Muchmore, W. R. 1971a. Phoresy by North and Central American
  17. pseudoscorpions. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science, 12: 77-97.
  18. Muchmore, W. R. 1971b. On phoresy in pseudoscorpions. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 2: 38.
  19. Muchmore, W. R. 1991. The identity of Chelifer communis var.
  20. pensylvanicus and description of a new species of strochernes (Pseudoscorpionida: Chernetidae). Entomological News, 102: 79-89.
  21. Ohaus, F. 1909. Bericht über eine entomologische Studienreise in Südamerika. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 70: 3-139.
  22. Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. 2007. Updated world map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology Earth System Science Discussion, 4: 439-473.
  23. Poinar, JR. G. O., Curcic, B. P. M. & Cokendolpher, J. C. 1998. Arthropod phoresy involving pseudoscorpions in the past and present. Acta Arachnologica, 47: 79-96.
  24. Reyes-Castillo, P. 1970. Coleoptera, Passalidae: morfología y división en grandes grupos géneros americanos. Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 20-22: 1-240.
  25. Reyes-Castillo, P. & Halffter, G. 1984. La estructura social de los Passalidae (Coleoptera: Lamellicornia). Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 61: 49-72.
  26. Reyes-Castillo, P. & Hendrichs, J. 1975. Pseudoescorpiones asociados con pasálidos. Acta Politécnica Mexicana, 16: 129-133.
  27. Ross, A. J. 1997. Insects in amber. Geology Today, 13: 24-28.
  28. Schuster, J. C. & Schuster, L. B. 1997. The evolution of social behavior in Passalidae (Coleoptera), Pp. 260-269. In: J.C. Choe & B.J. Crespi (Eds.). The Evolution of Social Behavior in Insects and Arachnids, Cambridge University Press, UK.
  29. Szymkowiak, P., Górski, G. & Bajerlein, D. 2007. Passive dispersal in arachnids. Biological Letter, 44: 75-101.
  30. Tizo-Pedroso, E. & Del-Claro, K. 2007. Cooperation in the Neotropical pseudoscorpion, Paratemnoides nidificator (Balzan, 1888): feeding and dispersal behavior. Insectes Sociaux, 54: 124-131.
  31. Vachon, M. 1940. Remarques sur la phorésie des pseudoscorpions. Annales de la Societé Entomologique de France, 109: 1-18.
  32. Valenzuela G., J. & Castillo, M. L. 1983. Contribution à l’étude du comportement chez les Passalidae. Bulletin de la Societé Entomologique de France, 88: 607-618.
  33. Villegas-Guzmán, G. A. & Pérez, T. M. 2005a. Hallazgo de pseudoescorpiones (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida) foréticos de Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 en la ciudad de México. Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 44: 85-87.
  34. Villegas-Guzmán, G. & Pérez, T. M. 2005b. Pseudoescorpiones
  35. (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida) asociados a nidos de ratas del género Neotoma (Mammalia: Rodentia) del Altiplano Mexicano. Acta Zoológica Mexicana, (n.s.), 21: 63-77.
  36. Villegas-Guzmán, G. A. & Reyes-Castillo, P. 2005. Pseudoescorpiones (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida) foréticos de pasálidos (Insecta: Coleoptera) de Frontera Corozal, Chiapas. Pp. 20-22. In: A. Morales-Moreno, A. Mendoza-Estrada, M. P. Ibarra-González y S. Stanford-Camargo, (Eds.). Entomologica. Vol. 4. Sociedad Mexicana de Entomología, A.C. Texcoco.
  37. Villegas-Guzmán, G. A. & Reyes-Castillo, P. 2012. Pseudoescorpiones (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida) foréticos de pasálidos (Insecta: Coleoptera) del Sureste de México. Pp. 89-93. In: A. Equihua-Martínez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas, J. A. Acuña-Soto, M. P. Chaires-Grijalba y G. Durán-Ramírez (Eds.). Entomologíca. Vol. 11. Sociedad Mexicana de Entomología A.C. Texcoco.
  38. Villegas-Guzmán, G. A., Francke, O. F., Pérez, T. M. & Reyes-Castillo, P. 2012. Coadaptación entre los ácaros (Arachnida: Klinckowstroemiidae) y coleópteros Passalidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Revista de Biología Tropical, 60: 599-609.
  39. Weygoldt, P. 1969. The Biology of Pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. 159 pp.
  40. Wilson, E. O. 1971. The Insect Societies. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. 562 pp.
  41. Wirth, W. W. & Marston, N. 1968. A method for mounting small insects on microscope slides in Canada balsam. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 61:783-784.
  42. Zeh, D. W. & Zeh, J. A. 1992a. On the function of harlequin beetle-riding in the pseudoscorpion, Cordylochernes scorpioides (Pseudoscorpionida: Chernetidae). Journal of Arachnology, 20: 47-51.
  43. Zeh, D. W. & Zeh, J. A. 1992b. Dispersal-generated sexual selection in a beetle-riding pseudoscorpion. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 30: 135-142.
  44. Zeh, D. W. & Zeh, J. A. 1992c. Failed predation or transportation? Causes and consequences of phoretic behavior in the pseudoscorpion Dinocheirus arizonensis (Pseudoscorpionida: Chernetidae). Journal of Insect Behavior, 5(1): 37-49.
  45. Zeh, D. W. & Zeh, J. A. 1997. Sex via substrate: mating systems and sexual selection in pseudoscorpions, Pp. 329-339. In: J. C. Choe & B. J. Crespi (Eds.). The Evolution of Mating Systems in Insects and Arachnids, Cambridge University Press, UK.
  46. Zeh, D. W., Zeh, J. A. & Tavakilian, G. 1992. Sexual selection and sexual dimorphism in the harlequin beetle Acrocinus longimanus. Biotropica, 24: 86-96.
  47. Zeh, J. A. & Zeh, D. W. 1994. Tropical liaisons on a beetle’s back. Natural History, 103: 36-43.