Vol. 38 (2022)
Artículos originales

Blood-parasites (Haemosporida) of wild birds captured at different land uses within a tropical seasonal dry forest matrix

Merit González-Olvera
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad Universitaria, Av. Universidad #3000, Colonia, C.U., Coyoacán, 04510 Ciudad de México, México.
Arturo Hernández-Colina
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad Universitaria, Av. Universidad #3000, Colonia, C.U., Coyoacán, 04510 Ciudad de México, México.
Diego Santiago-Alarcon
Biología y Conservación de Vertebrados, Instituto de Ecología, A.C. (INECOL), México. Carretera antigua a Coatepec 351, El Haya, Xalapa 91073, Veracruz, México. Department of Integrative Biology, University of South Florida, USA. 12037 USF Beard Dr., SCA 110. Tampa 33620, Florida, USA.
Marcela Osorio-Beristain
Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, México. Avenida Universidad 1001, Chamilpa, 62209 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.
José Juan Martínez-Maya
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad Universitaria, Av. Universidad #3000, Colonia, C.U., Coyoacán, 04510 Ciudad de México, México.
Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus). Pag. 12

Publicado 2022-04-18

Palabras clave

  • Malaria aviar
  • Ecología de parásitos
  • Parasitología de paisaje
  • Conservación aviar

Cómo citar

González-Olvera, M., Hernández-Colina, A., Santiago-Alarcon, D., Osorio-Beristain, M., & Martínez-Maya, J. J. (2022). Blood-parasites (Haemosporida) of wild birds captured at different land uses within a tropical seasonal dry forest matrix. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 38(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2022.3812425

Resumen

Los hemosporidios aviares forman un grupo diverso de parásitos transmitidos por vectores que pueden perjudicar a sus hospederos y amenazar la conservación de especies susceptibles. Evaluamos la prevalencia y parasitemia de hemosporidios en aves silvestres de la Reserva de la Biósfera Sierra de Huautla, Morelos, al sur de México. Las aves se capturaron usando redes de niebla en tres tipos de hábitat (conservado, perturbado y agrícola) y durante dos temporadas (lluvias y secas). Se realizaron frotis de capa fina para su análisis microscópico. Capturamos 142 aves pertenecientes a 17 especies. Los parásitos presentes fueron Haemoproteus spp., Plasmodium spp., y microfilarias. La prevalencia fue similar entre tipos de uso de suelo (conservado (26.3 %), perturbado (36.4 %) y agrícola (29.9 %)) y temporadas (lluvias (29.7 %) y secas (29.3 %)), pero varió por género y grupo de parásito (Haemoproteus spp. (28.2%), Plasmodium spp. (2.1 %), coinfecciones (5.6 %), y microfilarias (4.9 %)). La mayoría de las aves presentó una parasitemia baja (< 0.1% de eritrocitos infectados) y solo una, con apariencia malsana, presentó alta parasitemia (> 0.5 %). Reportamos por primera vez la infección de hemoparásitos en 12 especies de aves y 16 nuevas asociaciones parásito-hospedero. Este es el primer estudio de hemoparásitos en esta región y proporciona información fundamental para investigaciones futuras.

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