Vol. 37 (2021)
Artículos originales

Social correlates of variation in urinary oxytocin concentrations of mantled howler monkeys Alouatta palliata (Gray, 1849) (Primates: Atelidae): A preliminary assessment

Diana Moreno-Espinoza
Primate Behavioral Ecology Lab, Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. Dr. Luis Castelazo Ayala S/N Colonia Industrial Animas, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91190, México.
Pedro Américo D. Dias
Primate Behavioral Ecology Lab, Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. Dr. Luis Castelazo Ayala S/N Colonia Industrial Animas, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91190, México.
Alejandro Coyohua-Fuentes
Primate Behavioral Ecology Lab, Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. Dr. Luis Castelazo Ayala S/N Colonia Industrial Animas, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91190, México.
Domingo Canales-Espinosa
Primate Behavioral Ecology Lab, Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. Dr. Luis Castelazo Ayala S/N Colonia Industrial Animas, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91190, México.
Ariadna Rangel-Negrín
Primate Behavioral Ecology Lab, Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. Dr. Luis Castelazo Ayala S/N Colonia Industrial Animas, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91190, México.

Publicado 2021-07-15

Palabras clave

  • afiliación
  • Alouatta
  • mecanismos neuroendocrinos
  • platirrinos
  • sociabilidad

Cómo citar

Moreno-Espinoza, D., Dias, P. A. D., Coyohua-Fuentes, A., Canales-Espinosa, D., & Rangel-Negrín, A. (2021). Social correlates of variation in urinary oxytocin concentrations of mantled howler monkeys Alouatta palliata (Gray, 1849) (Primates: Atelidae): A preliminary assessment. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 37(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2021.3712319

Resumen

Existe una creciente evidencia de que la sociabilidad en primates no humanos está relacionada con mecanismos neuroendocrinos. La arginina vasopresina, las endorfinas y la oxitocina pueden estar involucradas en tales mecanismos. Aquí, realizamos un análisis preliminar de los correlatos sociales de la variación en las concentraciones de oxitocina urinaria en monos aulladores de manto (Alouatta palliata). De enero a diciembre de 2017, estudiamos 13 monos aulladores de manto adultos pertenecientes a dos grupos. Registramos la ocurrencia de interacciones sociales (547.5 horas de observación); evaluamos la proximidad entre los miembros del grupo (2.194 registros instantáneos); y recolectamos 172 muestras de orina. Analizamos las muestras de orina (ELISA) para determinar las concentraciones de oxitocina, las cuales corregimos por la gravedad específica, lo que resultó en 54 muestras analizadas. Con respecto a cuando no ocurrieron interacciones afiliativas, las concentraciones de oxitocina aumentaron aproximadamente un 62% cuando los individuos participaron en interacciones afiliativas, y las concentraciones de oxitocina fueron mayores cuando díadas con una relación social de baja calidad se afiliaron. Estos resultados convergen con propuestas previas de que la oxitocina está vinculada a la participación en interacciones afiliativas. La convergencia entre estos resultados y los reportados para otros taxa apoya la hipótesis de que los mecanismos biológicos que permiten la sociabilidad de los primates se comparten entre las especies.

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