A pheromone lure for catching fall armyworm males (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Mexico

Autores/as

  • Samuel Cruz-Esteban El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR). Grupo de Ecología de Artrópodos y Manejo de plagas. Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km. 2.5, C.P. 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas, México. CONACyT. Avenida de los Insurgentes Sur 1582, Crédito Constructor, C.P. 03940, Ciudad de México.
  • Julio Cesar Rojas El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR). Grupo de Ecología de Artrópodos y Manejo de plagas. Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km. 2.5, C.P. 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas, México.
  • Edi Alvaro Malo El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR). Grupo de Ecología de Artrópodos y Manejo de plagas. Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km. 2.5, C.P. 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas, México.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2020.3612271

Palabras clave:

Spodoptera frugiperda, insectos, semioquímicos, trampas, variación geográfica

Resumen

Las feromonas sexuales de palomillas se pueden usar para monitoreo o control de plagas agrícolas (por ejemplo, trampeo masivo o interrupción del apareamiento). Sin embargo, la aplicación de feromonas en condiciones de campo requiere que los componentes feromonales activos estén incluidos y optimizados como un cebo feromonal. En este estudio, preparamos un señuelo con la feromona sexual para monitorear las poblaciones mexicanas del gusano cogollero, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith). Evaluamos la actividad de compuestos individuales, tres mezclas binarias y una mezcla terciaria de (Z)-7-dodecenil acetato (Z7-12: OAc), (Z)-9-tetradecenil acetato (Z9-14: OAc) y acetato de (Z)-11-hexadecenilo (Z11-16: OAc), en cultivos de maíz. Los resultados mostraron que las trampas cebadas con una mezcla binaria de Z7-12: Ac + Z9-14: Ac capturaron significativamente más machos de S. frugiperda que los compuestos individuales, y que las otras mezclas binarias o la mezcla terciaria. La ausencia de Z11-16: OAc en la mezcla no afectó significativamente la captura de machos, lo que indica que este compuesto no es esencial para la atracción de machos en el campo. Encontramos que la dosis de la mezcla binaria de Z7-12:OAc y Z9-14:OAc influyó en la tasa de captura de machos del gusano cogollero. El señuelo de feromona optimizado en este estudio puede ser útil para capturar S. frugiperda en México.

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Citas

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Publicado

25-03-2020

Cómo citar

Cruz-Esteban, S., Rojas, J. C., & Malo, E. A. (2020). A pheromone lure for catching fall armyworm males (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Mexico. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 36(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2020.3612271
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