Vol. 36 (2020)
Artículos

Cebos feromonales para la captura de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en cultivos de maíz adyacentes a cultivos de fresas

Samuel Cruz Esteban
Instituto de Ecología, A.C. Red de Diversidad Biológica del Occidente Mexicano. Avenida Lázaro Cárdenas 253, 61600 Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, México. CONACyT. Avenida Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940 Ciudad de México, México.
Patricia Hernández Ledesma
Instituto de Ecología, A.C. Red de Diversidad Biológica del Occidente Mexicano. Avenida Lázaro Cárdenas 253, 61600 Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, México.
Edi A. Malo
Departamento de Entomología Tropical, de El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km 2.5, 30700 Tapachula, Chiapas, México.
Julio C. Rojas
Departamento de Entomología Tropical, de El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km 2.5, 30700 Tapachula, Chiapas, México.

Publicado 2020-02-10

Palabras clave

  • gusano cogollero,
  • comunicación sexual,
  • trampas de color,
  • Agrotis ipsilon

Cómo citar

Cruz Esteban, S., Hernández Ledesma, P., Malo, E. A., & Rojas, J. C. (2020). Cebos feromonales para la captura de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en cultivos de maíz adyacentes a cultivos de fresas. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 36(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2020.3612255

Resumen

El gusano cogollero, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), es una de las principales plagas del maíz y el sorgo, además de que este insecto empieza a ser una amenaza para el cultivo de fresa en Michoacán, México. Debido al daño que puede causar este insecto, es necesario contar con un sistema de monitoreo de sus poblaciones para detectar infestaciones tempranas e implementar su control a tiempo. Bajo este escenario, el uso de trampas cebadas con feromona sexual puede ser útil para atraer a los machos. En este estudio, se comparó la efectividad de una feromona desarrollada a partir de poblaciones mexicanas de S. frugiperda contra cuatro formulaciones comerciales, tres formuladas en el extranjero y una en México, en cultivos de maíz adyacentes a cultivos de fresas. También, se evaluó el efecto del color de la trampa en las capturas de S. frugiperda, usando uno de los cebos que presentó mayores capturas. Las trampas cebadas con cebo optimizado para poblaciones mexicanas (EcoTap) y con el cebo comercial formulado en el país (Phero-SF) fueron las que capturaron más machos de S. frugiperda y menos insectos no blancos, comparado con las trampas cebadas con los otros cebos. Uno de los hallazgos inesperados fue la captura de machos del gusano cortador, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), por las trampas cebadas con EcoTap o Phero-SF. El color de la trampa no fue una variable significativa para la captura de machos de S. frugiperda o A. ipsilon. Estos resultados pueden ser de importancia para el desarrollo de un sistema de monitoreo o trampeo masivo de S. frugiperda en las regiones mexicanas donde el maíz y sorgo son los principales cultivos, o en aquellos orgánicos de fresas que pueden estar amenazados por este insecto polífago.

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