Vol. 36 (2020)
Artículos

A new species of Ethobunus Chamberlin, 1925 (Opiliones: Zalmoxidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico, with taxonomic notes on Mexican species of the genus

Jesús Alberto Cruz López
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP), Centro Regional de Investigación Pacífico Sur (CIRPAS), Campo Experimental Valles Centrales, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Biografía

Publicado 2020-04-29

Cómo citar

Cruz López, J. A. (2020). A new species of Ethobunus Chamberlin, 1925 (Opiliones: Zalmoxidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico, with taxonomic notes on Mexican species of the genus. ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.), 36(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2020.3612262

Resumen

A new species of the genus Ethobunus Chamberlin, 1925 from Mexico is described: Ethobunus oaxacensis sp. nov. The description of this new species is based on both sexes, specimens collected from different localities of low deciduous forest in the coastal region from the state of Oaxaca. Ethobunus oaxacensis sp. nov. is compared with other two species of the genus present in Mexico: Ethobunus acanthotibialis (Goodnight & Goodnight, 1953) and Ethobunus pilosus (Goodnight & Goodnight, 1953); it is also compared with the most similar species, Ethobunus cubensis (Šilhavý, 1979) and Ethobunus kratochvili (Šilhavý, 1979), both from Cuba. Additional comments on the taxonomy of the Mexican Ethobunus and Pachylicus Roewer, 1923 are provided.

Citas

  1. Acosta, L. E., Pérez-González, A., Tourinho, A. L. (2007) Methods for taxonomic study. Pp: 494505. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado, G. Giribet (Eds.). Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones. Cambridge, Massachusetts Harvard University Press, and London, England.
  2. Banks, N. (1909) Arachnida from Costa Rica. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 61, 194234.
  3. Chamberlin, R. V. (1925) Diagnoses of new American Arachnida. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 67, 211248.
  4. Cruz-López, J. A., Francke, O. F. (2013) Two new species of the genus Paramitraceras Pickard-Cambridge, 1905 (Opiliones: Laniatores: Stygnopsidae) from Chiapas, Mexico. Zootaxa, 3641, 481490. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3641.4.13
  5. Cruz-López, J. A., Francke, O. F. (2015) Cladistic analysis and taxonomic revision of the genus Karos Goodnight & Goodnight, 1944 (Opiliones, Laniatores, Stygnopsidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175, 827891. https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12299
  6. Cruz-López, J. A., Francke, O. F. (2016) Three new species of the Mexican harvestman genus Chapulobunus (Opiliones: Stygnopsidae). Journal of Arachnology, 44, 6575. https://doi.org/10.1636/Ha15-44.1
  7. Cruz-López, J. A., Francke, O. F. (2017) Total evidence phylogeny of the North American harvestman family Stygnopsidae (Opiliones: Laniatores: Grassatores) reveals hidden diversity. Invertebrate Systematics, 31, 317360. https://doi.org/10.1071/IS16053
  8. Cruz-López, J. A., Francke, O. F. (2019a) New species of the cave-dwelling genus Huasteca (Opiliones: Stygnopsidae: Karosinae), from Northern Oaxaca, Mexico, with a SEM survey of the sexually dimorphic areas on legs and structures related to chelicerae in the genus. Journal of Natural History, 53, 14511464. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2019.1657194
  9. Cruz-López, J. A., Francke, O. F. (2019b) Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Panzosus Roewer, 1949 stat. rev. (Opiliones: Laniatores: Stygnopsidae). Journal of Arachnology, 47, 226247. https://doi.org/10.1636/JoA-S-18-061
  10. González-Sponga, M. A. (1987) Arácnidos de Venezuela. Opiliones Laniatores I. Familias Phalangodidae y Agoristenidae. Academia de Ciencias Físicas, Matemáticas y Naturales. Caracas, Venezuela. 562 pp.
  11. González-Sponga, M. A. (1998) Arácnidos de Venezuela: un nuevo género y seis nuevas especies de la familia Phalangodidae (Opiliones: Laniatores). Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle, 58, 87108.
  12. Goodnight, C. J., Goodnight, M. L. (1942) New and little known Phalangida from Mexico. American Museum Novitates, 1163, 116.
  13. Goodnight, C. J., Goodnight, M. L. (1953) The opilionid fauna of Chiapas, Mexico, and adjacent areas (Arachnoidea, Opiliones). American Museum Novitates, 1610, 181.
  14. Goodnight, C. J., Goodnight, M. L. (1954) The opilionid fauna of an isolated volcano in Southeastern Veracruz. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 73, 344350.
  15. Goodnight, C. J., Goodnight, M. L. (1983) Opiliones of the family Phalangodidae found in Costa Rica. Journal of Arachnology, 11, 201242.
  16. Kury, A. B. (2003) Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología. Volumen especial monográfico 1, 337 pp.
  17. Kury, A. B., Cokendolpher, J. C. (2000) Opiliones; Pp: 137157. In: J. E. Llorente-Bousquets, E. González-Soriano, N. Papavero (Eds.). Biodiversidad, Taxonomía y Biogeografía de Artrópodos de México: Hacía una síntesis de su conocimiento. Vol. II. CONABIO, Ciudad de México, Mexico.
  18. Kury, A. B., Pérez-González, A. (2007) Zalmoxidae Sørensen, 1886; Pp: 243246. In: R. Pinto-da-Rocha, G. Machado, G. Giribet (Eds.). Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones. Cambridge, Massachusetts Harvard University Press, and London, England.
  19. Kury, A. B., Alonso-Zarazaga, M. A. (2011) Addenda and corrigenda to the “Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)”. Zootaxa, 3034, 4768. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3032.1.3
  20. Kury, A. B., Souza, D. R., Pérez-González, A. (2015) World checklist of Opiliones species (Arachnida). Part. 2: Laniatores – Samooidea, Zalmoxoidea and Grassatores incertae sedis. Biodiversity Data Journal, 3, e6482. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e6482
  21. Kury, A. B., Pérez-González, A. (2015) A companion to Part 2 of the World checklist of Opiliones species (Arachnida): Laniatores – Samooidea, Zalmoxoidae and Grassatores incertae sedis. Biodiversity Data Journal, 3, e6663. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e6663
  22. Kury, A. B., Medrano, M. (2016) Review of terminology for the outline of dorsal scutum in Laniatores (Arachnida, Opiliones). Zootaxa, 4097, 130134. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4097.1.9
  23. Pérez-González, A., Sharma, P. P., Proud, D. N. (2016) Morphological tricks and blessed genitalia: rectifying the family placement of Fijicolana tuberculata (Opiliones: Laniatores: Zalmoxidae). Zootaxa, 4061, 253260. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4061.3.3
  24. Pérez-González, A., Cerracelli, F. S., Monte, B. G. O., Proud, D. N., DaSilva, M. B., Bichuette, M. E. (2017) Light from dark: a relictual troblogite reveals a broader ancestral distribution for kimulid harvestmen (Opiliones: Laniatores: Kimulidae) in South America. PLOS One, 12, e0187919. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187919
  25. Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1905) Order Opiliones; Pp: 545560. In: F. D. Godman, O. Salvin (Eds.). Biologia Centrali-Americana, Vol. 2 Arachnida. Araneidea and Opiliones. London, England.
  26. Roewer, C. F. (1923) Die weberknechte der Erde. Systematische bearbeitung der bisher bekannten Opiliones. Jena, Germany, 1116 pp.
  27. Roewer, C. F. (1933) Ergebnisse der Österreichischen biologistchen Costa-Rica-Expedition 1930. IV. Teil. Opilioniden. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 46, 276295.
  28. Sharma, P. P. (2012) New Australasian Zalmoxidae (Opiliones: Laniatores) and a new case of male polymorphism in Opiliones. Zootaxa, 3236, 135. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3236.1.1
  29. Sharma, P. P., Giribet, G. (2012) Out of the Neotropics: Late Cretaceous colonization of Australasia by American arthropods. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 279, 35013509. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.0675
  30. Sharma, P. P, Kury, A. B., Giribet, G. (2011) Zalmoxidae (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores) of the Paleotropics: a catalogue of Southeast Asian and Indo-Pacific species. Zootaxa, 2972, 3758. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2972.1.3
  31. Sharma, P. P., Buenavente, P. A. C., Clouse, R. M., Diesmos, A. C., Giribet, G. (2012) Forgotten gods: Zalmoxidae of the Philippines and Borneo (Opiliones: Laniatores). Zootaxa, 3280, 2955. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3280.1.2
  32. Sharma, P. P., Giribet, G. (2012) Out of the Neotropics: Late Cretaceous colonization of Australasia by American arthropods. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279, 35013509. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.0675
  33. Šilhavý, V. (1979) New opilionids from the subfamily Phalangodinae from Cuba (Arachn.: Opilionidea). Vêstník československé Společnosti Zoologické, 43, 6075.
  34. Sørensen, W. E. (1886) Opiliones; Pp: 5386. In: L. Koch, E. Keyserling (Eds.). Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet. Nuremberg, Germany.