Cebos feromonales para la captura de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en cultivos de maíz adyacentes a cultivos de fresas

Samuel Cruz Esteban, Patricia Hernández Ledesma, Edi A. Malo, Julio C. Rojas

Resumen


El gusano cogollero, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), es una de las principales plagas del maíz y el sorgo, además de que este insecto empieza a ser una amenaza para el cultivo de fresa en Michoacán, México. Debido al daño que puede causar este insecto, es necesario contar con un sistema de monitoreo de sus poblaciones para detectar infestaciones tempranas e implementar su control a tiempo. Bajo este escenario, el uso de trampas cebadas con feromona sexual puede ser útil para atraer a los machos. En este estudio, se comparó la efectividad de una feromona desarrollada a partir de poblaciones mexicanas de S. frugiperda contra cuatro formulaciones comerciales, tres formuladas en el extranjero y una en México, en cultivos de maíz adyacentes a cultivos de fresas. También, se evaluó el efecto del color de la trampa en las capturas de S. frugiperda, usando uno de los cebos que presentó mayores capturas. Las trampas cebadas con cebo optimizado para poblaciones mexicanas (EcoTap) y con el cebo comercial formulado en el país (Phero-SF) fueron las que capturaron más machos de S. frugiperda y menos insectos no blancos, comparado con las trampas cebadas con los otros cebos. Uno de los hallazgos inesperados fue la captura de machos del gusano cortador, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), por las trampas cebadas con EcoTap o Phero-SF. El color de la trampa no fue una variable significativa para la captura de machos de S. frugiperda o A. ipsilon. Estos resultados pueden ser de importancia para el desarrollo de un sistema de monitoreo o trampeo masivo de S. frugiperda en las regiones mexicanas donde el maíz y sorgo son los principales cultivos, o en aquellos orgánicos de fresas que pueden estar amenazados por este insecto polífago.

Palabras clave


gusano cogollero; comunicación sexual; trampas de color; Agrotis ipsilon

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2020.3612255

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Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie), 2020, Vol. 36, es una publicación electrónica continua de acceso abierto, editada por el Instituto de Ecología, A.C. (INECOL), Carretera antigua a Coatepec 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver. C.P. 91073, Tel. (228) 842-1800, extensión 4112 http://azm.ojs.inecol.mx/index.php/azm. Editor responsable: Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, sergio.ibanez@inecol.mx. Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2019-021314325500-203, versión on-line ISSN 2448-8445, [antes también impresa ISSN 0065-1737], con registros otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización de este volumen, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Carretera antigua a Coatepec, 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver., C.P. 91073. Fecha de la última modificación: 09 de enero de 2020.

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