Impacts of chronic wasting disease on a low density mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) population in the San Andres Mountains, Chihuahuan Desert, New Mexico

Louis C. Bender, Cristina L. Rodden, Pat Mathis, Mara E. Weisenberger, Octavio C. Rosas Rosas, Patrick C. Morrow, Brock D. Hoenes

Resumen


Chronic wasting disease (CWD), a contagious neurodegenerative disease of cervids, is becoming increasingly prevalent in the arid Southwest including the Chihuahuan Desert ecoregion.  Population effects of CWD are uncertain, particularly in arid environments, as previous work has been on relatively high density deer populations in semi-arid or temperate environments. In 2002, CWD was detected in a low density mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) population in the arid San Andres Mountains, a Chihuahuan Desert range in southern New Mexico. We determined prevalence and distribution of CWD, and mortality and movements of deer, to assess the potential impact on low density deer populations in arid environments. Repeated seasonal primarily ante-mortem sampling found stable prevalence of 0.000–0.091, 2003–2008. Annual CWD mortality rate was <0.02, including deer that were culled. Monitoring of adult radio-collared deer showed no dispersal movements away from home ranges, with maximum movements of ≤20 km; similarly, no juveniles dispersed from maternal ranges. Distribution of infected deer was strongly related to presence of other infected deer. Annual survival rates of mule deer and population rate-of-increase suggested little effect of CWD on population-level mortality given observed prevalence. Transmission and reservoirs of CWD in the SAM were likely limited by low deer densities, patchy distribution, and environmental characteristics (i.e., low clay content of soils) unfavorable to prion persistence, characteristics that are typical of most mule deer populations in the Chihuahuan Desert ecoregion.


Palabras clave


Chihuahuan Desert; chronic wasting disease; mule deer; New Mexico; Odocoileus hemionus; San Andres Mountains

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


Almberg, E. S., Cross, P. C., Johnson, C. J., Heisey, D. M., Richards, B. J. (2011) Modeling routes of chronic wasting disease transmission: environmental prion persistence promotes deer population decline and extinction. PLOS One, 6 (5), e19896.

Bender, L. C., Hoenes, B. D., Rodden, C. L. (2012) Factors influencing survival of desert mule deer in the greater San Andres Mountains, New Mexico. Human-Wildlife Interactions, 6, 245–260.

Bender, L.C., Boren, J. C., Halbritter, H., Cox, S. (2011) Condition, survival, and productivity of mule deer in semiarid grassland-woodland in east-central New Mexico. Human-Wildlife Interactions, 5, 276–286.

Bulloch, H. E. Jr., Neher, R. E. (1980) Soil survey of Dona Ana County area, New Mexico. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Washington DC.

Conner, M. M., Miller, M. W. (2004) Movement patterns and spatial epidemiology of a prion disease in mule deer population units. Ecological Applications, 14, 1870–1881.

Conner, M. M., Miller, M. W., Ebinger, M. R., Burnham, K. (2007) A meta-BACI approach for evaluating management intervention on chronic wasting disease in mule deer. Ecological Applications, 17, 140–153.

Cook, R. C., Cook, J. G., Murray, D. L., Zager, P., Gratson, M. W. (2001) Development of predictive models of nutritional condition for Rocky Mountain elk. Journal of Wildlife Management, 65, 973–987.

Esparza-Carlos, J. P., Laundré, J., Sosa. V. (2011) Precipitation impacts on mule deer habitat use in the Chihuahuan Desert of Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments, 75, 1008–1015.

Farnsworth, M. L., Wolfe, L., Hobbs, N., Burnham, K., Williams, E., Theobald, D., Conner, M., Miller, M. (2005) Human land use influences chronic wasting disease prevalence in mule deer. Ecological Applications, 15, 119–126.

Galindo-Leal, C. (1993) Densidades poblacionales de los venados cola blanca, cola negra y bura en Norteamérica, pp. 371–391 In: Medellín, R. A., Ceballos, G. (Eds.). Avances en el Estudio de los Mamíferos de México. Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología AC, México.

Grear, D. A., Samuel, W., Scribner, K., Weckworth, B., Langenberg, J. (2010) Influence of genetic relatedness and spatial proximity on chronic wasting disease infection among female white-tailed deer. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 532–540.

Gultekin, T., Miller, M., Wolfe, L., Sirochman, T., Glidden, D., Palmer, C., Lemus, A., DeArmond, S., Prusiner, S. (2009) Asymptomatic deer excrete infectious prions in faeces. Nature, 461, 529–532.

Heisey, D. M., Fuller, T. K. (1985) Evaluation of survival and cause-specific mortality rates using telemetry data. Journal of Wildlife Management, 49, 668–674.

Heffelfinger, J. (2006) Deer of the Southwest: a complete guide to the natural history, biology, and management of Southwestern mule deer and white-tailed deer. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Hoenes, B. (2008) Identification of factors limiting desert mule deer populations in the greater San Andres Mountains of southcentral New Mexico. M.S. Thesis. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM.

Kie, J. G., Czech, B. (2000) Mule and black-tailed deer, pp. 629–657

In: Demarais S., Krausman, P. (Eds.). Ecology and management of large mammals in North America. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Krumm, C. E., Conner, M., Miller, M. (2005) Relative vulnerability of chronic wasting disease infected mule deer to vehicle collisions. Journal of Wildlife Management, 41, 503–511.

Krumm, C. E., Conner, M., Hobbs, N., Hunter, D., Miller, M. (2010) Mountain lions prey selectively on prion-infected mule deer. Biology Letters, 6, 209–211.

Little, J. M., Berrens, R. P. (2008) The Southwestern market for big-game hunting permits and services: a hedonic pricing analysis. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 13, 143–157.

Lomas, L. A., Bender, L. C. (2007) Survival and cause-specific mortality of mule deer fawns in northcentral New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 884–894.

Mathiason, C. K., Powers, J., Dahmes, S., Osborn, D., Miller, K., Warren, R., Mason, G., Hays, S., Hayes-Klug, J., Seelig, D., Wild, M., Wolfe, L., Spraker, T., Miller, M., Sigurdson, C., Telling, G., Hoover, E. (2006) Infectious prions in the saliva and blood of deer with chronic wasting disease. Science, 314, 133–136.

Miller, M. W., Williams, E. S. (2002) Detection of PrPCWD in mule deer by immunohistochemistry of lymphoid tissues. Veterinary Record, 151, 610–612.

Miller, M. W., Hobbs, N, Tavener, S. (2006) Dynamics of prion disease transmission in mule deer. Ecological Applications, 16, 2208–2214.

Miller, M. W., Williams, E., Hobbs, N., Wolfe, L. (2004) Environmental sources of prior transmission in mule deer. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10, 1003–1006.

Miller, M. W., Swanson, H., Wolfe, L., Quartarone, F., Huwer, S., Southwick, C., Lukacs, P. (2008) Lions and prions and deer demise. PLOS One, 6, e4019.

Muldavin, E., Chauvin, Y., Harper, G. (2000) The vegetation of White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Vol. 1–2: Handbook of vegetation communities. Final report for cooperative agreement no. 14–16–002–91–233. White Sands Missile Range, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, and the University of New Mexico, WSMR, NM.

Potapov, A. E., Merrill, E., Pybus, D., Coltman, D., Lewis, M. (2013) Chronic wasting disease: possible transmission mechanisms in deer. Ecological Modelling, 250, 244–257.

Sánchez-Rojas, G., Gallina, S. (2000) Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) density in a landscape element of the Chihuahuan Desert, Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments, 44, 357–368.

Saunders, S. E., Bartelt-Hunt, S., Bartz, J. (2012) Occurrence, transmission, and zoonotic potential of chronic wasting disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18, 369–376.

Slauson, W. L., Cade, B., Richards, J. (1991) User manual for BLOSSOM statistical software. U.S. Geological Survey, National Ecology Research Center, Ft. Collins, CO.

Walter, W. D., Walsh, D., Farnsworth, M., Winkelman, D., Miller, M. (2011) Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds. Nature Communications, 2, 200.

Wasserberg, G., Osnas, E., Rolley, R., Samuel, M. (2009) Host culling as an adaptive management tool for chronic wasting disease in white-tailed deer: a modeling study. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 457–466.

Williams, E. S., Kirkwood, J., Miller, M. (2001) Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, pp. 292–301 In: Williams, E. S., Barker, I. K. (Eds.). Infectious diseases of wild mammals. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.

Williams, E. S., Miller, M., Kreeger, T., Kahn, R., Thorne, E. (2002) Chronic wasting disease of deer and elk: a review with recommendations for management. Journal of Wildlife Management, 66, 551–563.

Wolfe, L. L., Conner, M., Baker, T., Dreitz, V., Burnham, K., Williams, E., Hobbs, N., Miller, M. (2002) Evaluation of antemortem sampling to estimate chronic wasting disease prevalence in free-ranging mule deer. Journal of Wildlife Management, 66, 564–573.

Zar, J. H. (1996) Biostatistical analysis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2019.3502203

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2019 ACTA ZOOLÓGICA MEXICANA (N.S.)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.

Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie), 2019, Vol. 35, es una publicación electrónica continua de acceso abierto, editada por el Instituto de Ecología, A.C. (INECOL), Carretera antigua a Coatepec 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver. C.P. 91070, Tel. (228) 842-1800, extensión 4112 http://azm.ojs.inecol.mx/index.php/azm. Editor responsable: Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, sergio.ibanez@inecol.mx. Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2016-062312173100-203, versión on-line ISSN 2448-8445, [antes también impresa ISSN 0065-1737], con registros otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización de este volumen, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Carretera antigua a Coatepec, 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver., C.P. 91070. Fecha de la última modificación: 18 de enero de 2019.