Effects of temperature and tomato variety on development stages of Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), under greenhouse conditions

Haidel Vargas Madriz, María Guzmán Martínez, Jesús Alberto Acuña Soto, Ausencio Azuara Domínguez, Pedro Fabián Grifaldo Alcántara, Alfonso Luna Cruz, Martha Olivia Lázaro Dzul

Resumen


Tomato is one of the most consumed vegetables per capita in the world; it is grown both in the open and in greenhouses. Nevertheless, under both growing conditions, the problem of pests is quite relevant, especially considering Bactericera cockerelli Sulc, therefore, in this experiment, the life history of this pest insect was determined in two tomato varieties: “Charanda F1” and “Rafaello”, the differences in the development stages of the insect, the mean temperatures of two cycles, and the accumulated heat units. The work consisted of evaluating the development of the instars of B. cockerelli during two crop cycles in both varieties, as well as the accumulation of heat units to differentiate the distinct instars. The insect populations developed in the Rafaello variety had shorter lives and showed a greater death rate of eggs than did those that developed in Charanda F1. Temperature was another determining factor; the lower the temperature, the longer the lives. Likewise, heat units were different between the two varieties; in Rafaello, 598.13 heat units were needed while in Charanda F1 only 464.98. These differences might be due to the morphological characteristics of each variety such as the presence of trichomes and oils. Thus, we suggest that these variables be studied in future research works.


Palabras clave


heat units, control, pest, population, psyllid

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21829/azm.2020.3612178

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