Mechanical characterization of the amazonian Pomacea dolioides (Reeve, 1856) Shell

Ariana Freire Andrade, Rodrigo Bíscaro Nogueira


We investigated the mechanical behavior of freshwater mollusk shells, Pomacea dolioides, collected from a floodplain area located in Amazonas, Brazil. With the purpose of characterizing the mechanical properties of the shells, bending, hardness and roughness tests were carried out. To determine the shell flexural strength, a new methodology was proposed for the calculation of it, considering the curved geometry of the specimens taken from the shells. It was also described the mechanical properties as a function of shell position and thickness, variation of the surface hardness along the shell and the low level of superficial irregularity in the inner layer of the shells. Shell presented a mean flexural rupture modulus (MOR) of 128.0 MPa, Rockwell HR15N hardness = 50 ± 8.3 and a low level of irregularities in the inner layer, roughness Ra = 0.160 μm.

Palabras clave

Pomacea dolioides; mechanical properties; flexural strength; hardness; houghness

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Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie), 2019, Vol. 35, es una publicación electrónica continua de acceso abierto, editada por el Instituto de Ecología, A.C. (INECOL), Carretera antigua a Coatepec 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver. C.P. 91070, Tel. (228) 842-1800, extensión 4112 Editor responsable: Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2016-062312173100-203, versión on-line ISSN 2448-8445, [antes también impresa ISSN 0065-1737], con registros otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización de este volumen, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Carretera antigua a Coatepec, 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver., C.P. 91070. Fecha de la última modificación: 18 de enero de 2019.